Difference Between JPG, PNG, Gif, JPEG Image File Formats

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You must deal daily with a huge amount of static or animated images on your computer or on the Internet that varies in size and type, but you may not know that these images carry symbolic forms for each type of image separately, and each formula determines the quality of the image, whether it is poor or good.

Not all picture record designs are made of something very similar. Truth be told, a considerable lot of them are intended to tackle an issue that can’t be settled in the current arrangement. For instance, JPEG happens in light of the fact that picture documents take up a great deal of extra room. In all honesty, JIF, JPEG and JPG record expansions allude to pretty much exactly the same thing. To comprehend the reason why the record design has such countless names, we want to open a fairly befuddling history.

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Gif Format

It is an abbreviation for Graphics Interchange Format, which supports animated images in the form of a video, but it is in the form of an animated image that supports about 256 gradations of colours. Colour than often subjected to deformation in quality.


In 2000, the JPEG group released another image file format called JPEG 2000 (its file extensions are JPG2 and JPF). It was supposed to be the successor to JPEG, but not so popular. Although advanced encoding techniques always lead to better image quality.

The JPEG 2000 file format has failed for several reasons. First, it is based on the new code and is therefore not backward compatible with JPEG. In addition, handling JPEG 2000 files requires more memory to process, which has been a bit of a hurdle in the past. The average computer currently had only 64 MB of memory.

JPEG 2000 has not changed much since computer hardware has generally improved tremendously over the last 20 years, but the file format is still not widely used. The only Internet browser that supports JPEG 2000 files at the time of this writing is Safari.


Earlier versions of Windows (specifically MS-DOS 8.3 and FAT-16 file systems) had a maximum limit of 3 letters in terms of file extension length. JPEG must be shortened to JPG so that the limit is not exceeded. Macs and Linux are never like that, so users save images as JPEGs.

So we end up with two file extensions for the same format: JPEG and JPG. If you choose what you want to keep your image, there is no difference between them.

It is an abbreviation for the phrase Joint Photographic Experts Group. This format is considered the most suitable for designers who like to upload images on the Internet because of their poor throughput speed. It reduces the design size. For example, from 1 megabyte in the image size to 100 kilobytes and enables you to reduce the quality of images according to the quality that You want, but it loses features from the previous format that does not support moving and transparent images.

Only a white background with distortion in the quality of the image often, and what distinguishes it from its predecessor is that it contains more than 16 million colours, which often does not damage its quality. This high technology in image compression comes from formats Other subfolders are JPG, JPE and JFIF.

JPEG and PNG have been released in the same decades, with each file format solving a different digital image problem that has been confronted in the world by technology. You could say it’s natural that we always compare them … and that’s still the case today. What image file format is between JPEG and PNG?

The answer basically depends on the type of image you are saving.

JPEGs are more suitable for photos because they use lossy compression to maintain a reasonable file size. The photographs are so large, detailed images that the compression artifacts (slight image distortion caused by compression) are less visible.

On the other hand, images with sharp points, sharp edges, and large elements of the same colour (such as vector logos, pixel art, etc.) look less attractive when saved as a JPEG.

You can import a Portable Network Graphics (PNG) file here. PNG, developed by the PNG Development Group four years after the release of JPEG, supports lossless data compression and transparency. Therefore, PNGs are often used when image quality needs to be maintained and file size is not an issue.

A good rule of thumb is to save JPEG to photos and save in PNG format for transparency and non-photo images. To better understand many different types of files (not just images), take a look at our guide to find out when to use which file format.

JPEG Explained

JPEG stands for Joint Photographic Experts Group – the file type is named after the subcommittee that helped create the JPEG Interchange Format (JIF). It was first published in 1992 by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).

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JPEGs are 24-bit static bitmaps with eight bits per channel in an RGB colour model. This leaves no room for the alpha channel, which means that while JPEG files can support more than 16 million colours, they cannot support transparency. When an image is saved as a JPEG, some of its data is corrupted by a process called lossy file compression. Instead, the image requires 50-75 percent less storage space (compared to older formats such as BMP) with little or no visible loss of image quality.

JPEG compression is based on a deceptive image compression technique called discrete cosine transform (DCT), first designed by electrician Nasir Ahmed in 1972.

JIF Explained

You can think of a JIF file as a JPEG in its “cleanest” format. However, this format is no longer widely used because it presents certain unsatisfactory limitations. For example, colour and pixel definitions in JIFs cause compatibility issues between encoders and decoders (browsers).

Fortunately, these issues were later addressed by other “additional” standards set by the JIF. The first is the JPEG File Interchange Format (JFIF) and later the Exchangeable image file format (Exif) and ICC colour profiles.

JPEG / JFIF is today the most popular format for storing and sending photos over the Internet, while JPEG / Exif is designed for digital cameras and other image recording devices. Most people do not know the difference between these differences and just note that both are just JPEGs.

PNG Format Explained

It is an abbreviation for Portable Network Graphic, and it is the highest format in image quality. It is not used by owners of low traffic from the Internet to upload their images to their favourite sites, etc. Supernatural and excellent quality. It is also characterized by transparency and combined the two previous formats in terms of multi-colour and strength of quality according to two criteria: 8-bit and 24-bit up to 32-bit image quality. This is the best of the image formats, which gives a great result in extracting images of designs, etc. It is not affected by pixels, especially since most of the high-quality backgrounds are found in PNG format.

JPEG and JPG Final Decide

In spite of the disarray, the JPEG has caused with its many updates and varieties, the possible surge of advanced pictures on the web during the 90s was without a doubt principally brought about by its delivery.

Whenever you’re prepared to send out a photograph from a picture supervisor and are given the extensive rundown of accessible organizations, simply recall: JPEG and JPG are very much the same.

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